The Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC) is a non-profit research institution established in 2005, with the financial support of the Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR), the Ministry of the Environment and Protection of Land and Sea (MATT), the Ministry of Agricultural and Forestry Policies (MIPAF) and the Ministry of Finance (MEF), thanks to funding from the Integrative Special Research Fund (FISR), within the National strategic Programme for Research.
On 10th December 2015 the Center became a Foundation therefore representing CMCC’s legal status, its contents, aims and operational modalities.
CMCC’s Mission is to investigate and model our climate system and its interactions with society and the environment to guarantee reliable, rigorous, and timely scientific results to stimulate sustainable growth, protect the environment, and to develop science driven adaptation and mitigation policies in a changing climate.
The CMCC research network has offices in Lecce, Bologna, Capua, Milan, Sassari, Venice, and Viterbo. Institutions from the public sector are mainly involved but private institutions also participate. These jointly investigate multidisciplinary topics related to climate change science and research.
CMCC benefits from the extensive research experience of the Foundation’s six members: National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV); Univerity of Salento; Italian Aerospace Research Center (CIRA S.c.p.a); Ca’ Foscari University of Venice; University of Tuscia; Univeristy of Sassari.
CMCC’s scientific activities are distributed among eight research divisions which share different knowledge and skills in the field of climate science:
- ASC - Advanced Scientific Computing;
- CSP - Climate Simulations and Predictions;
- ECIP – Economic analysis of Impacts and Policy;
- IAFES - Impacts on Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services;
- ODA – Ocean modeling and Data Assimilation;
- OPA – Ocean Predictions and Applications;
- RAAS - Risk Assessment and Adaptation Strategies;
- REMHI – Regional Models and Hydrogeological Impacts.
QUALITY OF RESEARCH
The Center is at the top position of the ANVUR evaluation classification (National Agency for the Evaluation of the University and Research Systems) presented in the evaluation report on the quality of research in Italy (vQr) for 2004-2010. The evaluation – which considered criteria of relevance, originality and degree of internationalization – involved 133 research bodies in 14 Scientific and Disciplinary Sectors defined by the National University Council; specifically included in the report are 95 Universities, 12 research bodies under the vigilance of the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) and 26 research bodies and consortia which took part in this initiative.
The quality indicator for scientific research – or rather, the average grade (Indicator “1”) given to a research area considered among the various universities, research bodies and other consortia – ranked CMCC as: first in the area of Earth Sciences (0.88); third in the area of Agricultural Science (0.84) and second in Economic and Statistical Sciences (0.75).
POSITION IN INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH AREAS
CMCC was founded with the main goal of establishing in Italy a Center of excellence focused on the integrated study of climate change related topics. CMCC represents, at the national and international scale, an institutional point of reference for decision makers, institutions, as well as public and private companies seeking technical-scientific support.
In the “Global Go To Think Tank Report 2012” published by the University of Pennsylvania, CMCC was ranked 75th in the Top100 of non-American institutions and 130th in the world. This result is an important acknowledgement of CMCC’s active role in supporting national and international policymakers.
Since 2006 CMCC has hosted the IPCC National Focal Point, bringing together the IPCC and the scientific community as well as the public, with the aim to facilitate the mutual exchange of information pertaining to ongoing activities. The contribution made by IPCC to the 5th Assessment Report is among CMCC’s most important activities within the international community for climate research and policies. Several of CMCC’s most eminent researchers are involved in writing the IPCC Assessment Reports.
CMCC also joined United Nations Global Compact, the world’s largest corporate responsibility initiative that networks business and non-profit entities engaged in areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption thus contributing to UN goals in order to achieve the common objectives of building a sustainable and inclusive global economy.