02/12/2011

FEEM Sustainability Index (FEEM SI) is an aggregate index, which provides future projections of sustainability
at the national and macro-regional scale over time. FEEM SI addresses the necessity of “going beyond
GDP” within the well-being assessment. It manages to summarise and merge the information derived by a
selection of relevant sustainability indicators chosen among the most reliable international indicator sets. 

FEEM SI analysis is built on the recursive-dynamic computable general equilibrium model ICES-SI that
provides a comprehensive picture of the sustainability of countries over time. The model calculates the index
based on various economic, social, and environmental assumptions, thereby providing useful information
regarding the effects that different polices have on sustainability. Another important aspect of FEEM SI
is the aggregation approach, which is based on experts’ elicitation and exploits all the interactions across
indicators.

Indicators structure

In line with the sustainability theory, the structure of FEEM SI 2011 is composed of the three main pillars
of sustainability: economic, social, and environmental. For each of these dimensions, the FEEM SI 2011
indicators’ tree covers the following main areas of research on sustainability assessment: economic growth
drivers, GDP per capita, economic exposure, population density, well-being, social vulnerability, energy,
air quality and natural endowments.

FEEMSI Three

 

FEEM SI 2011 maps

The FEEM SI 2011 provides a synthetic overview (overall and by pillar) of sustainability across the World
in 2011 through FEEM Sustainability Maps.

Map_FEEMSI

The best performing countries within the FEEM SI 2011 share homogeneously high levels of economic,
social, and environmental sustainability, while the components are less equally distributed for the bottom countries.

Future perspectives 2011-2020

The ability to project indicators over time is a feature of FEEM SI, which makes it much more than a
simple assessment tool, and extends its potential as a real policy simulation environment. The table below
presents the changes of FEEM SI values from 2011 to 2020.

Rank 2011

Country

FEEM SI 2011

 

FEEM SI 2020

Country

Rank 2020

Rank var

1

Norway

0.82

=

0.85

Norway

1

2

Sweden

0.77

=

0.81

Sweden

2

3

Switzerland

0.70

-1

0.74

Austria

3

4

Austria

0.69

1

0.70

Switzerland

4

5

Finland

0.66

=

0.68

Finland

5

6

Denmark

0.65

=

0.68

Denmark

6

7

Canada

0.64

=

0.67

Canada

7

8

France

0.63

=

0.65

France

8

9

Ireland

0.62

-1

0.63

NewZealand

9

10

NewZealand

0.61

1

0.62

Ireland

10

11

USA

0.55

-6

0.58

Germany

11

12

Australia

0.55

=

0.58

Australia

12

13

Brazil

0.55

-2

0.56

Benelux

13

14

UK

0.53

=

0.55

UK

14

15

RoEurope

0.53

-1

0.54

Brazil

15

16

Germany

0.53

5

0.54

RoEurope

16

17

Portugal

0.52

-2

0.53

USA

17

18

RoLA

0.51

=

0.53

RoLA

18

19

Spain

0.50

-2

0.53

Portugal

19

20

Benelux

0.50

7

0.51

RoEU

20

21

Russia

0.49

-5

0.50

Spain

21

22

RoEU

0.49

2

0.50

Italy

22

23

Mexico

0.49

-2

0.49

Korea

23

24

Korea

0.48

1

0.49

Japan

24

25

Italy

0.47

3

0.48

Mexico

25

26

Japan

0.46

2

0.48

Russia

26

27

Turkey

0.45

=

0.48

Turkey

27

28

MiddleEast

0.45

=

0.47

MiddleEast

28

29

Poland

0.43

=

0.44

Poland

29

30

SouthAfrica

0.43

=

0.43

SouthAfrica

30

31

Greece

0.40

=

0.43

Greece

31

32

RoAfrica

0.40

=

0.40

RoAfrica

32

33

RoWorld

0.39

=

0.39

RoWorld

33

34

SEastAsia

0.37

=

0.36

SEastAsia

34

35

RoFSU

0.37

=

0.36

RoFSU

35

36

NorthAfrica

0.34

=

0.34

NorthAfrica

36

37

RoAsia

0.33

=

0.34

RoAsia

37

38

Indonesia

0.30

-1

0.32

China

38

39

China

0.29

1

0.32

Indonesia

39

40

India

0.24

=

0.29

India

40

The EU27 presents a general increase in the economic pillar and improvements in the environmental pillar.
These two components explain the positive evolution of overall sustainability, even if the social pillar shows
either a smaller increase or a decline.

Policy scenarios

FEEM SI allows also for the comparison of different policy scenarios aimed to improve the overall sustainability over time. In the FEEM SI annual report, a “Social Policy” and an “Environmental Policy” have been separately evaluated.
together with an additional scenario, based on a multi-faced policy called “Sustainable Development Policy” (“SD Policy”), including actions on all sustainability dimensions.

Even though the SD Policy negatively affects the economic sustainability, it appears to be an effective intervention
at the global level. The mutual and consistent improvement in the social and environmental pillars boosts
overall sustainability. This progress goes along with a relatively small variation in World GDP per capita.

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