Progetti di ricerca

AdriaClim – Climate change information, monitoring and management tools for adaptation strategies in Adriatic coastal areas

The main objective of AdriaClim is to improve climate resilience in the cooperation area, by increasing the capacity to develop new climate adaptation plans and update existing ones and develop mitigation strategies based on high resolution, more accurate and reliable climate information (observations and integrated modeling) focussed on the coastal and marine areas (threatened by risks such as sea level rise, sea temperature and salinity anomalies, coastal erosion and salinization of freshwater) and related economic sectors and ecosystem services. AdriaClim aims at developing an Adriatic scale regional plus local scale for each Pilot integrated information systems composed by hydro-meteo-marine climatological databases (model scenarios and observation) and knowledge-based tools (e.g indicators) for advanced dynamical implementation of regional climate adaptation plans relevant and accessible for entire the Programme area and Countries.

Città & coste, Pianeta futuro, Lavoro & Sviluppo, Oceano.


AtlantECO – Atlantic ECOsystems assessment, forecasting & sustainability

The EU-funded AtlantECO project aims to develop and apply a novel, unifying framework that provides knowledge-based resources for a better understanding and management of the Atlantic Ocean and its ecosystem services. AtlantECO will engage with citizens and actors from the industry and policy sectors in order to stimulate responsible behaviour and Blue Growth. The project focuses on three pillars of research: microbiomes, plastic and the plastisphere, and seascape connectivity. In pursuit of this goal, AtlantECO is bringing together experts and pioneers from Europe, South America and South Africa with the relevant resources, knowledge and experience.

Pianeta futuro, Salute, Lavoro & Sviluppo, Oceano.


CASCADE – CoAStal and marine waters integrated monitoring systems for ecosystems protection AnD managemEnt

CASCADE will develop a set of concerted and coordinated actions including monitoring (observing and modeling) and management (Maritime Spatial Planning – MSP, Integrated Coastal Zone Management – ICZM, Land-Sea Interaction – LSI) to enhance the knowledge and to evaluate the quality and assess the vulnerability of inland, coastal and marine ecosystems in Italy and Croatia with the final objective to restore endangered species and to support integrated management. The integrated modeling and observing systems will be developed to design and implement MSP/LSI/ICZM, management and restoration actions in 11 pilot areas. Pilot actions will assess and protect coastal and marine biodiversity in degraded areas, set up restoration actions, assess the impacts of extreme events on ecosystems and understand how to avoid conflicts and boost synergies in the areas. The project will consolidate long-lasting research capabilities in the field through a concrete dialogue with stakeholders and the participation of Agencies, research centers and universities in order to enhance inland, coastal and marine knowledge. Such shared information and monitoring protocols are essential for supporting concrete actions dealing with environmental vulnerability, fragmentation and safeguarding of ecosystem services at cross-border level.

Città & coste, Pianeta futuro, Salute, Oceano.


CE2COAST – Downscaling Climate and Ocean Change to Services: Thresholds and Opportunities

Global change from anthropogenic forcing will have significant impacts at regional and coastal scales on marine systems and dependent socioeconomic systems and ecosystem services and can strongly interact with regional/local drivers such as fishing, pollution, and eutrophication. A capacity to understand and predict these impacts on regional seas and coasts is essential for developing robust strategies for adaptation and mitigation and therefore for the EU’s fulfilment of UN SDGs 13 and 14 but also 2, 6,8, 9, 11, 12, since regional seas and coastal areas support food production, water quality, and industrial/economic activities such as fisheries and aquaculture). Projections of climate and ocean change have been delivered at global or basin scales using Global Climate or Earth System Models (ESMs). However, such models are not able to provide the necessary resolution of physical processes that determine fluxes of carbon, nutrients, heat, and light which in turn control the growth response of the marine food web and thereby ecosystem services such as food supply to fisheries/aquaculture, water quality control, and carbon sequestration. Another limitation of ESMs is that the representation of the marine food web tends to be highly simplified which in turn limits the ability to capture potential shifts in planktonic community structure and elemental stoichiometry and thereby resulting impacts/feedbacks on services. CE2COAST is the coordinated assemblage and analysis of observational and modelling data to deliver state, trends and variability of pressures on ocean services resulting from ocean and coastal climate and biogeochemical change at the European and global scale.

Città & coste, Pianeta futuro, Oceano, Acqua, cibo, uso del suolo.


Copernicus Marine Service BS MFC -Black Sea Monitoring and Forecasting Centre of the Copernicus Marine Service

Copernicus is the European Union’s Earth observation programme which offers information services that draw from satellite Earth Observation and in-situ (non-space) data and is managed by the European Commission. The Copernicus Marine Service provides regular and systematic reference information on the physical and biogeochemical state, variability and dynamics of the ocean and marine ecosystems for the global ocean and the European regional seas. It has been implemented by Mercator Ocean International (MOI) since 2015. It enables marine policy implementation, supports Blue Growth and scientific innovation. Copernicus Marine Service is an open and free of charge service, compliant with EU regulations such as INSPIRE and the Delegated Regulation on Copernicus data and information policy.

Oceano.


Copernicus Marine Service MED MFC – Mediterranean Sea Monitoring and Forecasting Centre of the Copernicus Marine Service

Copernicus is the European Union’s Earth observation programme which offers information services that draw from satellite Earth Observation and in-situ (non-space) data and is managed by the European Commission. The Copernicus Marine Service provides regular and systematic reference information on the physical and biogeochemical state, variability and dynamics of the ocean and marine ecosystems for the global ocean and the European regional seas. It has been implemented by Mercator Ocean International (MOI) since 2015. It enables marine policy implementation, supports Blue Growth and scientific innovation. Copernicus Marine Service is an open and free of charge service, compliant with EU regulations such as INSPIRE and the Delegated Regulation on Copernicus data and information policy.

Oceano.


CRIceS – Climate relevant interactions and feedbacks: the key role of sea ice and snow in the polar and global climate system

The Arctic and Antarctic regions are experiencing rapid and unprecedented changes due to polar and global climate change, clearly caused by anthropogenic activities. 21st century projections show substantial decrease of sea ice in both Arctic and Antarctic, which are expected to impact people in the Arctic and also society beyond polar regions. CRiceS aims to investigate how rapid sea ice decline is interlinked with physical and chemical changes in the polar oceans and atmosphere, and to fully understand the causes and consequences of this polar transition. CRiceS will quantify the controlling chemical, biogeochemical, and physical interactions within the coupled ocean-ice/snow-atmosphere system through comprehensive analysis of new and emerging in-situ and satellite observations, and will improve numerical descriptions of sea ice dynamics/energy exchange, aerosols, clouds and radiation, biogeochemical exchanges. This improved understanding allows for improved quantification of feedback mechanisms and teleconnections within the Earth system.

Pianeta futuro, Oceano.


ESiWACE2 – Excellence in Simulation of Weather and Climate in Europe, Phase 2

ESiWACE2 will deliver configurations of leading models that can make efficient use of the largest supercomputers in Europe and run at unprecedented resolution for high-quality weather and climate predictions. It will develop HPC benchmarks, increase flexibility to use heterogeneous hardware and co-design and provide targeted education and training for one of the most challenging applications to shape the future of HPC in Europe.


EuroSea – Improving and integrating the European Ocean Observing and Forecasting Systems

Although the Ocean is a fundamental part of the global system providing a wealth of resources, there are fundamental gaps in ocean observing and forecasting system, limiting our capacity in Europe to sustainably manage the ocean and its resources. EuroSea works to improve the European ocean observing and forecasting system in a global context, delivering ocean observations and forecasts to advance scientific knowledge about ocean climate, marine ecosystems and their vulnerability to human impacts and to demonstrate the importance of the ocean to an economically viable and healthy society. The EuroSea vision is to advance research and innovation towards a user-focused, truly interdisciplinary, and responsive European ocean observing and forecasting system, that delivers the essential information needed for human wellbeing and safety, sustainable development and blue economy in a changing world. The EuroSea mission is co-designing European ocean observing and forecasting services and products that deliver information and support decision-making in the areas of climate, coastal and maritime activities, and ocean health.

Pianeta futuro, Salute, Oceano.


FEVERSEA – Framework for marine heat waves EVEnts integrating Remote SEnsing and numericAl simulations

The Agency has an interest in supporting young scientists in ESA Member States, covering leading edge research activities contributing to the achievement of the CCI (Climate Change Initiative) Programme by maximising the use of ESA data and EO assets. With this Partnership Agreement referred as “the Post-doctoral Scholar”, the CMCC has undertaken to carry out research work regarding FEVERSEA: Framework for marine heat waves (MHWs) EVEnts integrating Remote SEnsing and numericAl simulations. “Marine Heat Waves (MHWs) induce significant impacts on marine ecosystems. There is a growing need for knowledge about extreme climate events to better inform decision-makers on future climate-related risks. MHWs research is still in its infancy: the extreme temperature anomalies are usually examined individually in terms of their definition, physical and climate drivers and ecological impacts, and the prediction of these extreme events is very challenging. In this context, FEVERSEA aims to provide a global assessment of MHWs under a consistent framework by combining data sets generated within the ESA SST_CCI, SSS_CCI, SeaLevel_CCI and OceanColour_CCI activities, European EO datasets (e.g. GLOBCURRENT, ERS1-2, ASCAT), non-European EO datasets (QUIKSCAT) and model simulations (ocean reanalyses, atmospheric reanalyses and CIMP6 coupled models). The main goals of FEVERSEA project are: 1) to study and to document MHWs extreme events: surface and sub-surface observed characteristics and ecological impacts, 2) to detect the local and large-scale climate precursors and 3) to exploit the potential of novel deep machine learning method in a prediction framework.”

Oceano.


fish RISE – Remote Intelligent Sustainable aquaculturE system for Fish

The sector of aquaculture has been recording constant growth trends at global level triggered by the progressive increase in world population and the resulting growing demand for food. The consumption of fish products has grown by 27% over the last ten years, and FAO estimates that aquaculture will meet 62% of global food demand in 2030. fish RISE project aims to develop innovative systems allowing fish farmers to increase productivity, through the design and implementation of a wide methodology and technology framework for land-based and offshore aquaculture, to be sustainable both economically and, above all, environmentally.

Oceano.


FutureMARES – Climate Change and Future Marine Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity

FutureMARES provides socially and economically viable nature-based solutions (NBS) for climate change (CC) adaptation and mitigation to safeguard these ecosystems’ natural capital, biodiversity and services. The program advances understanding of the links between species and community traits, ecological functions and ecosystem services as impacted by CC by analysing the best available data from monitoring programs and conducting targeted experiments and beyond state-of-the-art modelling. Ensemble physical-biogeochemical projections will identify CC hotspots and refugia. Shifts in the distribution and productivity of keystone, structural and endangered species and the consequences for biodiversity will be projected within different CC-NBS scenarios to reveal potential ecological benefits, feedbacks and trade-offs. Novel, social-ecological vulnerability assessments will rank the severity of CC impacts on various ecosystem services and dependent human communities. Complementary analyses at real- world demonstration sites will inform managers and policy-makers on the economic costs and tradeoffs of NBS.


GLORAN – COPERNICUS MARINE – PRODUCTION PROVISION AND ANALYSIS OF REANALYSIS PRODUCTS FOR THE GLOBAL OCEAN

This is a supply of oceanic reanalysis products that will be integrated into the Copernicus marine service. The service will provide at different times and on a monthly basis,  physical (ocean and sea ice) and biological (micronekton) model products for the global ocean. The quality of these reanalyses will be analyzed and the relative performances compared in the context of the developing indicators of ocean variability.  

Oceano.


STREAM – Strategic development of flood management

STREAM consortium will create or update flood cadastre for fluvial, urban and coastal flooding in the program area. Moreover, it will develop flood risk maps on the basis on flood cadastre data and collect available official data and layers already realized at national and regional level, supporting to the definition of flood risk plans. Through the International Flood platform, the STREAM project will enhance data sharing and access to advanced functionalities, allowing at the same time the current existing systems to stay in place without changing their operational workflows and also fostering the partners’ capacities to deal with required data standards at EU level and beyond. The STREAM project will develop an integrated probabilistic ensemble forecasting system for the coastal and inland areas. A multi-model system will provide sea conditions, including storm surge and waves contributions and total sea level forecast over the whole Adriatic and Ionian seas, allowing also the integration of the sea forecasts into site specific newly developed and existing coastal forecasting systems.

Città & coste, Pianeta futuro, Politiche Globali, Oceano.

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