The role of air circulation and cooling demand for planning universal household electrification in sub-Saharan Africa

CMCC Webinar
December 21, 2020 – h. 03:00 pm CET

Giacomo Falchetta
, Cattolica University and Eni Enrico Mattei Foundation

Enrica De Cian
, Ca’ Foscari University Venice, Euro-Mediterranean Centre on Climate Change Foundation (CMCC), RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment (EIEE)

Nearly one billion people live without electricity at home. Energy poverty prevents households from taking several autonomous adaptation actions, a key one being indoor thermal comfort decisions. It is therefore crucial that electricity infrastructure planners explicitly consider air circulation and cooling (ACC) needs of energy-poor households on top of other basic energy services. We combine socio-economic, demographic, satellite, and CMIP6 climate data modelling and scenario analysis to produce spatially-explicit estimates of current and future ACC demand due to the lack of electricity access in sub-Saharan Africa, the global hotspot of energy poverty. We link these estimates into a bottom-up electrification model to evaluate the impact of ACC appliances adoption, climate change and other related factors on optimal electrification planning. Our results call for a greater consideration of adaptation needs in the planning of energy systems of developing countries.

Presenter’s short bio
Giacomo Falchetta is a Doctoral Researcher at Cattolica University working on energy, economic and environmental systems analysis, currently focussing on sub-Saharan Africa. He is also a Research Fellow at the Future Energy program of FEEM research centre. During his PhD, he has been a Visiting Researcher at IIASA and at PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. An environmental economist by training, Giacomo carries out applied research on the nexus between energy, water, climate change, and economic development with a particular focus on sub-Saharan Africa. He holds an MSc in Environmental and Climate Change Economics from the London School of Economics and a BSc. in Economics and Social Sciences from the Free University of Bolzano-Bozen.

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Fondazione CMCC – Centro Euro‐Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici

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