Research projects

2D4D – Disruptive Digitalization for Decarbonization

Digitalization will fundamentally change all sectors of the European economy in the next decades. At the same time, the EU is committed to reaching net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. These two transformation will undoubtedly affect each other, but the extent to which they will be mutually supporting is currently unknown. Most importantly, there is a danger that the digital transformation will delay the progress towards a net-zero carbon economy. The EU-funded 2D4D project aims at ensuring that the digital transformation is not a barrier to decarbonisation, rather an enabler. The project will identify and measure the decarbonisation consequences of three disruptive digitalisation technologies in hard-to-decarbonise sectors: additive manufacturing in industry, mobility-as-a-service in transportation, and AI in buildings. The project will produce a distinctive data collection to examine the technical and socioeconomic potential of these technologies, enhance decarbonisation narratives and ensure that digital technology supports energy transition.


ACCREU – Assessing Climate Change Risk in EUrope

ACCREU is a project funded by HORIZON Europe RIA (Research and Innovation Action) investigating, in a fully integrated framework, climate change impacts, mitigation, adaptation and prospects for a sustainable social and economic development in the EU. ACCREU will  identify challenges, highlight opportunities and deliver practical solutions to policy making and societal actors at the EU, EU Member State, region and community level to accelerate a just societal transformation towards climate resilience in the short, medium and long term.  


AcquaGuard: Nature based solutions for Flood Prevention

AcquaGuard is a project funded by the Italy – Croatia INTERREG Programme aimed at developing the capabilities of local and regional governments to systematically plan, integrate, and implement Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) to face climate-related risks and hazards. In particular, through intensive cross-border cooperation between partners, as well as a co-creation process with all relevant stakeholders, AcquaGuard will offer a comprehensive approach for deploying NBS focused on flood prevention, to regions and cities. The cross-border cooperation will be fully leveraged within the project by developing a Decision Support Matrix for NBS prioritization and selection, capacity-building sessions, project documentation, and other joint dissemination activities.


ACQUAOUNT – Adapting to Climate change by QUantifying optimal Allocation of water resOUrces and socio-ecoNomic inTerlinkages

Agriculture is by far the most water demanding sector in the Mediterranean and a sustainable use of water, combined with economic growth, cannot be achieved without improving irrigation efficiency and water productivity. The current heavy depletion of water sources is leading to water scarcity and degradation, deterioration of ecosystem services, conflicts with domestic and industrial uses and, in general, it poses limitations to economic growth. These trends will be exacerbated by CC. The ACQUAOUNT project aims to improve IWRM and sustainable irrigation through the deployment of innovative tools, smart water services and solutions, for public and private use, while contributing to climate resilience.


AdJUST – ADVANCING THE UNDERSTANDING OF CHALLENGES, POLICY OPTIONS AND MEASURES TO ACHIEVE A JUST EU ENERGY TRANSITION

AdJUST is a project funded by the European Union’s Horizon Europe programme. and carried out by a transdisciplinary European consortium consisting of 9 EU partners, 2 UK associated partners and other 11 EU associated partners. The objectives of AdJUST are to achieve a step change in societal understanding of the distributive repercussions of the transition to climate neutrality, and to identify effective and actively-supported policy interventions to accompany climate action so that no-one is left behind.


AEROTOSCANA: Analysis of risks from the impacts of climate change on the Florence and Pisa Airports

Climate change is one of the major challenges that society faces in the 21st century, negatively impacting not only natural ecosystems, but also anthropogenic ones: it’s estimated that economic losses caused by weather conditions and other extreme climate events on infrastructure systems in Europe in the period 1980-2016, they exceeded 436 billion euros (EEA 2017; Mims 2022). Critical infrastructures are essential for the proper functioning of a state’s economic and social system and the interruption of the services offered could cause serious damage. In this context, airports play a unique and significant role in the global transport system and, due to their characteristics, they are also those most exposed to the potential consequences of climate change. This research project therefore has the objective of identifying and developing ad hoc adaptation strategies in order to make these infrastructures more resilient to a climate that is no longer stationary. According to the definition reported in the sixth IPCC report, the risk will be calculated based on three specific factors: hazard, exposure and vulnerability.


AGILE: AGnostic risk management for high Impact Low probability Events

AGILE is a project funded by HORIZON RIA (Research and Innovation Action) aiming at designing, developing and applying a holistic methodological framework and practical tools for understanding, assessing, managing and communicating High Impact Low Probability (HILP) events with a systemic risk and resilience perspective. 


AGORA – A Gathering place to cO-design and co-cReate Adaptation

AGORA will support the overall objectives of the Mission on Adaptation to Climate Change by leveraging and step forwarding best-practices, innovative approaches, policy instruments and governance mechanisms to meaningfully and effectively engage communities and regions in climate actions, accelerating and upscaling adaptation process for building a climate resilient Europe. It will promote democracy, climate justice, gender equality, equity, and foster adaptive capacity and citizens’ empowerment to pro-actively support decision-making processes.


AGRITECH – National Research Centre for Agricultural Technologies

The National Center for the Development of New Technologies in Agriculture (Agritech) is based on the use of enabling technologies for the sustainable development of agri-food production, with the aim of promoting adaptation to climate change, reducing the environmental impact in the agrifood sector, the development of marginal areas, and to guarantee safety, traceability and security of the supply chains. The project is worth around 350 million euros, of which 320 million to be paid by the PNRR and involves 28 universities, 5 research centers, and 18 companies. The Center is structured in Hub&Spoke, with the University of Naples Federico II responsible for the national hub and 9 different spokes in the thematic areas: Plant, animal and microbial genetic resources and adaptation to climatic changes Crop Health: a multidisciplinary system approach to reduce the use of agrochemicals Enabling technologies and sustainable strategies for the smart management of agricultural systems and their environmental impact Multifunctional and resilient agriculture and forestry systems for the mitigation of climate change risks Sustainable productivity and mitigation of environmental impact in livestock systems Management models to promote sustainability and resilience of agricultural systems Integrated models for the development of marginal areas to promote multifunctional production systems enhancing agroecological and socio-economic sustainability New models of circular economy in agriculture through waste valorization and recycling New technologies and methodologies for traceability, quality, safety, measurements and certifications to enhance the value and protect the typical traits in agri-food chains.


AI-GCM | The AI General Circulation Model

The ability to forecast short-term weather accurately is essential for various sectors, such as agriculture, transportation, and energy, to name a few. In recent years, deep learning (DL) techniques have shown promising results in weather forecasting. Thanks to the availability of new datasets, such as those produced within the MISTRAL (https://www.cineca.it/index.php/news/mistral-portale ) and HIGHLANDER (https://www.cineca.it/index.php/progetti/highlander ) projects, the present project aims to evaluate their potential for the development of accurate forecasts on target region projects by using DL techniques .


ALIENA: ALIgning Efforts to control Non-indigenous species in the Adriatic sea

Non-indigenous species (NIS) pose a significant threat to biodiversity and ecosystems globally, ranking as the second most common cause of species extinctions. Particularly in the Adriatic Sea, a hub for fishing, tourism and maritime traffic, the introduction of NIS has the potential to exacerbate ecological and economic impacts. ALIENA aims at creating a shared knowledge base and collaborative monitoring system to protect biodiversity from NIS in the Adriatic Sea. Through joint monitoring and modeling efforts focused on these species, the project seeks to develop early warning solutions essential for effective marine management, biodiversity conservation, and public health protection. Additionally, it aims to improve shared protocols for NIS detection, monitoring, and management, while also increasing stakeholders’ awareness of NIS issues.


ARCADIA: TrAnsformative climate ResilienCe by nAture-baseD solutions in the continental bio-geographical region

ARCADIA is a project funded by HORIZON Europe Innovation Actions in response to the call “Testing and demonstrating transformative solutions on climate resilience, mainstreaming nature based solutions in the systemic transformation”. The main goal of ARCADIA project is to mobilise 8 European regions and communities – from Italy, Croatia, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, Bulgaria, Romania and Slovenia – to accelerate nature-based solutions (NBS) adoption and assist them in accessing up-to-date, evidence-based actionable knowledge, guidance, knowledge-intense tools and services, mutual learning and networking opportunities.  


AtlantECO – Atlantic ECOsystems assessment, forecasting & sustainability

The EU-funded AtlantECO project aims to develop and apply a novel, unifying framework that provides knowledge-based resources for a better understanding and management of the Atlantic Ocean and its ecosystem services. AtlantECO will engage with citizens and actors from the industry and policy sectors in order to stimulate responsible behaviour and Blue Growth. The project focuses on three pillars of research: microbiomes, plastic and the plastisphere, and seascape connectivity. In pursuit of this goal, AtlantECO is bringing together experts and pioneers from Europe, South America and South Africa with the relevant resources, knowledge and experience.


AVENGERS: ATTRIBUTING AND VERIFYING EUROPEAN AND NATIONAL GREENHOUSE GAS AND AEROSOL EMISSIONS AND RECONCILIATION WITH STATISTICAL BOTTOM UP ESTIMATES

The Attributing and Verifying European and National Greenhouse gas and aerosol Emissions and Reconciliation with Statistical bottomup estimates – AVENGERS consortium unites a diverse group of experts “to establish how top-down techniques can support the verification of national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories and other regulated estimates of emissions and removals, in order to improve or supplement the methods/approaches currently used”.


BID – Building an inclusive identity to fight inequality

The project studies economic and racial/ethnic inequality by analyzing the determinants of individuals’ willingness to redistribute in favor of disadvantaged people. Through a multi-disciplinary, quali-quantitative approach, the project will test the effectiveness of measure centered on the role of identity aimed at improving the attitude towards redistribution and, as such, at reducing inequality. The scope of the project embraces economic, psychological and sociological perspectives on the perception of economic and racial/ethnic inequality, and grounds on multifaceted approaches and literature about redistribution and identity. 


BIOservicES: LINKING SOIL BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS AND SERVICES IN DIFFERENT LAND USES: FROM THE IDENTIFICATION OF DRIVERS, PRESSURES AND CLIMATE CHANGE RESILIENCE TO THEIR ECONOMIC VALUATION

The main objective of BIOservicES is to understand the interconnection between soil organisms and the delivery of multiple soil ecosystem functions and services at different scales (field vs landscape), identifying the pressures and drivers resulting from different land uses and climate change, and performing an economic valuation of the contribution of soil organisms to ecosystem services.


Blue-Cloud 2026 | A federated European FAIR and Open Research Ecosystem for oceans, seas, coastal and inland waters

The Blue-Cloud 2026 project builds on the existing pilot Blue-Cloud project (Oct 2019 – Sep 2022) and it evolves its pilot Blue-Cloud ecosystem into a federated European Ecosystem to deliver FAIR and Open Data and analytical services instrumental for deepening research of oceans, the EU sea, coastal and inland waters. It develops a thematic marine extension to European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) for accessible web-based science, serving the needs of the EU Blue Economy, Marine Environment and Marine Knowledge agendas. 


Blue4All – Blueprint demonstration for co-created effective, efficient and resilient networks of MPAs

There is an urgent need to strengthen marine conservation and restoration globally. One of the key measures to achieve this is to ensure that enough sea area is protected in effective ways. This requires designation of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in different marine habitats. According to the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2030, 30% of Europe’s sea and land areas should be under strict protection. 


BlueGreen Governance

BlueGreen Governance is a project funded by HORIZON Europe Research and Innovation Actions in response to the call “Innovative governance, environmental observations and digital solutions in support of the Green Deal”. The project pursues an innovative approach to the governance of the seas and coastal areas that links marine policies with the management of the land and waters impacting on sea basins. More precisely, BlueGreen Governance will develop evidence-based pathways for the design and implementation of innovative governance schemes around the land-sea connection that incorporates both the scientific predictions of future developments (about the biodiversity-water-climate nexus) and societal views on the most viable policy responses.

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