PARIS-REINFORCE – Delivering on the Paris Agreement: A demand-driven, integrated assessment modelling approach

PARIS REINFORCE aims to underpin climate policymaking with authoritative scientific processes and results,
and enhance the science-policy interface, in light of the Paris Agreement and associated challenges.

36 months from 01/06/2019 to 30/11/2022

General aims

General Aims:
PARIS-REINFORCE aims to develop a novel, demand-driven, IAM-oriented assessment framework for effectively supporting the design and assessment of climate policies in the EU as well as in other major emitters and selected less emitting/ developed countries, in respect to the Paris Agreement objectives.
The project aims to enhance the legitimacy of the scientific processes in support of climate policymaking, by introducing an innovative stakeholder inclusion framework (co-design) and improving the transparency of the respective models, methods and tools.
The project aims to introduce innovative policy support frameworks that improve the robustness of modeling outcomes against different types of uncertainties, inherent in both the climate change domain and integrated assessment processes.

CMCC role
CMCC is responsible for analysing the implications of new Common Agricultural Policy on land use emissions (Task 5.2.4); for analysing the interaction among EU mitigation targets, other policies in place and the SDGs (Task 5.4); for analysing ancillary benefits and trade-offs in the non-EU national mitigation pathways (Task 6.3).

The project activities aim at supporting the decisions of policymakers in EU and non-EU regarding mitigation strategies and can be summarized by six points:

  • Support EU policymakers in the process of developing EU’s next NDC and sectoral decarbonization pathways, for the development of a detailed 2050 energy roadmap;
  • Support European national policymakers to plan and implement National Energy and Climate Plans, in accordance with EU’s NDC and overall community objectives;
  • Provide an improved and enhanced understanding of EU policy interactions;
  • Provide an improved and enhanced understanding of interactions between EU climate policy agenda and the SDGs of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development;
  • Support policymakers from all major emitting (non-EU) countries and other less developed and/or less emitting countries in producing detailed future NDCs, long-term decarbonization strategies and/or adaptation strategies;
  • Support the implementation of the Paris Work Program and enhance the effectiveness of the 2023 Global StockTake.

Expected results
The first project expected result is to broaden scientific knowledge on mitigation and other policy interactions in EU and outside EU, and disseminate it through high level scientific publications. Furthermore, the project will develop an open access, multi-model, data exchange platform (the I2AM PARIS platform) using an innovative stakeholder engagement approach: stakeholders will essentially drive all modeling and policy support processes, by actively participating in all stages of the project.


  • National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece (COORDINATOR)
  • Asociacion BC3 Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3), Spain
  • Bruegel AISBL (Bruegel), Belgium
  • The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Cambridge (Cambridge), UK
  • Cicero Senter Klimaforskning Stiftelse (CICERO), France
  • Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC), Italy
  • Energy Engineering Economic Environment Systems Modeling and Analysis Srl (E4SMA), Italy
  • Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland
  • Fraunhofer Gesellschaft Zur Foerderung Der Angewandten Forschung E.V. (Fraunhofer ISI), Germany
  • Imperial College of Science Technology and Medicine (Grantham), UK
  • Holistic Ike (HOLISTIC), Greece
  • Institute for European Energy and Climate Policy Stichting (IEECP), Netherland


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