Sustainable Earth Modelling Economics

The SEME Division analyses the transition to sustainability, helping identify and evaluate low carbon, sustainable strategies. The approach used is multidisciplinary, with strong use of quantitative methods based on data science, integrated modeling and experimental and behavioral economics.


  • Evaluate the low carbon transformation of the energy, land and climate sectors;
  • Evaluate behavioural and traditional policy interventions for promoting pro-environmental behavior;
  • Assess green innovation and its determinants;
  • Study the interplay between various sustainable development goals;
  • Identify robust policy strategies to climate risks and uncertainties;
  • Identify technological and societal transition pathways;
  • Study climate induced migration.

SEME Projects

  • SMOOTH - Sustainable Finance for a Smooth Low-Carbon Transition

    The threat of climate change calls for a rapid transition to a…

  • ECO-DEKS - External knowledge sourcing strategies for environmental innovation in the industrial sector of Nigeria

    Globally, the industrial sector substantially contributes to the high level of the…

  • NAVIGATE - Next generation of AdVanced InteGrated Assessment modelling to support climaTE policy making

    NAVIGATE is a project funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 programme…

  • SEME Publications

    Reply to “High energy and materials requirement for direct air capture calls for further analysis and R&D”

    Realmonte G., Drouet L., Gambhir A., Glynn J., Hawkes A., Köberle A.C., Tavoni M.
    2020, Nature Communications, Volume 11, 3286 (2020), DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-17204-6, web page

    Should they stay or should they go? Climate migrants and local conflicts

    Bosetti V., Cattaneo C., Peri G.
    2020, Journal of Economic Geography, DOI: 10.1093/jeg/lbaa002, web page

    Welfare as equity equivalents

    Berger L., Emmerling J.
    2020, Journal of Economic Surveys, June 13, 2020, DOI: 10.1111/joes.12368, web page

    SEME Models

  • FASST(R) - FAst Scenario Screening Tool

    FASST(R) is a source receptor model, an R version of the reduced-form…

    Cities & Coasts, Future Earth.

  • WITCH - World Induced Technical Change Hybrid model

    WITCH (World Induced Technical Change Hybrid) is an integrated assessment model designed…

    Energy, Future Earth, Global Policy, Inequalities.

  • Division Director

    Massimo Tavoni

    Division Manager


    Via Bergognone, 34 – 20144 Milano (MI)

    Research Units

    Research unit leader:
    Giovanna D’Adda

    – Behavioural change
    – Nudging
    – Impact evaluation
    – Behavioural policies

    Research unit leader:
    Cristina Cattaneo

    – Climate induced migration
    – Conflict
    – Skills

    Research unit leader:
    Elena Verdolini

    – Green patenting
    – Low carbon R&D
    – Learning curves
    – Energy system modelling
    – Induced technical change

    Research unit leaders:
    Johannes Emmerling and Laurent Drouet

    – IAM scenarios
    – International mitigation policies
    – Modelling of impacts and adaptation
    – Energy system modelling
    – Inequality

    RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment leverages two leading international centers for economic and environmental research: Resources for the Future – RFF, Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change – CMCC.

    Latest News

    Modelling potential oil spill of the stranded oil tanker in Venezuela

    The FSO Nabarima, a huge oil tanker containing approximately 1.3 million barrels of crude oil, is at risk of causing…

    Food waste: cities can make the difference

    A new study realized with the contribution of the CMCC Foundation highlights the key role of cities in tackling this…

    Fostering a sustainable use of phosphorus

    Phosphorus is critical to food security, ecosystem functioning and human activities. Urbanization and dietary changes, and in particular industrial use…

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