Sustainable Earth Modelling Economics

The SEME Division analyses the transition to sustainability, helping identify and evaluate low carbon, sustainable strategies. The approach used is multidisciplinary, with strong use of quantitative methods based on data science, integrated modeling and experimental and behavioral economics.


  • Evaluate the low carbon transformation of the energy, land and climate sectors;
  • Evaluate behavioural and traditional policy interventions for promoting pro-environmental behavior;
  • Assess green innovation and its determinants;
  • Study the interplay between various sustainable development goals;
  • Identify robust policy strategies to climate risks and uncertainties;
  • Identify technological and societal transition pathways;
  • Study climate induced migration.

SEME Projects

  • PARIS-REINFORCE - Delivering on the Paris Agreement: A demand-driven, integrated assessment modelling approach

    PARIS REINFORCE aims to underpin climate policymaking with authoritative scientific processes and results, and enhance the science-policy interface, in light of the Paris Agreement and associated...

  • ISPRA - Analisi di sensitività sui principali driver macroeconomici e analisi dell'impatto macroeconomico degli scenari con politiche e misure in materia di clima ed energia

    Consulting activities for the sensitivity analysis on the main macro-economic drivers and for the macro-economic assessment regarding the scenarios on climate and energy...

  • ADRIADAPT - A Resilience information platform for Adriatic cities and towns

    ADRIADAPT aims at promoting local and regional resilience by developing the knowledge base required to identify suitable climate adaptation and planning options, thereby enabling local authorities to...

  • SEME Publications

    A Multi-Model Assessment of Food Security Implications of Climate Change Mitigation

    Fujimori S., Hasegawa T., Krey V., Riahi K., Bertram C., Bodirsky B.L., Bosetti V., Callen J., Després J., Doelman J., Drouet L., Emmerling J., Callen J., Després J., Doelman J.,
    2019, Nature Sustainability, Vol. 2, No. 5 (May 13, 2019): 386–96., DOI: 10.1038/s41893-019-0286-2, web page

    Analysing Future Change in the EU’s Energy Innovation System

    Kim Y. J. , Wilson C.
    2019, Energy Strategy Reviews, 24C (2019) pp. 279-299, DOI:, web page

    Looking under the hood: A comparison of techno-economic assumptions across national and global integrated assessment models

    Krey V., Guo F., Kolp P., Zhou W., Schaeffer R., Awasthy A., Bertram C., De Boer H.S., Fragkos P., Fujimori S., He C., Iyer G., Keramidas K., Koberle A., Oshiro K., Aleluia Da Silva Reis L., Shoai-Tehrani B., Vishwanathan S., Capros P., Drouet L., Edmonds J.E., Garg A., Gernaat D., Jiang K., Kannavou M., Kitous A., Kriegler E., Luderer G., Mathur R., Muratori M., Sano F., van Vuuren D.
    2019, Energy Journal, Volume 172, pages 1254-1267, DOI: 10.1016/, web page

    SEME Models

  • WITCH - World Induced Technical Change Hybrid model

    WITCH (World Induced Technical Change Hybrid) is an integrated assessment model designed to assess climate change mitigation and adaptation policies WITCH consists of a dynamic global model that...

    Energy, Future Earth, Global Policy, Inequalities.

  • Division Director

    Massimo Tavoni

    Division Manager


    Via Bergognone, 34 – 20144 Milano (MI)

    Research Units

    Research unit leader:
    Giovanna D’Adda

    – Behavioural change
    – Nudging
    – Impact evaluation
    – Behavioural policies

    Research unit leader:
    Cristina Cattaneo

    – Climate induced migration
    – Conflict
    – Skills

    Research unit leader:
    Elena Verdolini

    – Green patenting
    – Low carbon R&D
    – Learning curves
    – Energy system modelling
    – Induced technical change

    Research unit leaders:
    Johannes Emmerling and Laurent Drouet

    – IAM scenarios
    – International mitigation policies
    – Modelling of impacts and adaptation
    – Energy system modelling
    – Inequality

    RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment leverages two leading international centers for economic and environmental research: Resources for the Future – RFF, Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change – CMCC.

    Latest News

    Innovation for the low-carbon transition

    Why focusing on innovation? The answer given by Elena Verdolini, CMCC researcher at SEME Division, at the CMCC Annual Meeting…

    CMCC joins the students in the Climate Strike

    #ClimateStrike from CMCC headquarters: follow us on our social account @cmccclimate and join the global movement for the climate!

    Greta Thunberg: a seminar at the Italian Senate with the participation of CMCC

    Antonio Navarra and Carlo Carraro will take part in the panel that will be opened by the President Elisabetta Casellati.…

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