Sustainable Earth Modelling Economics

The SEME Division analyses the transition to sustainability, helping identify and evaluate low carbon, sustainable strategies. The approach used is multidisciplinary, with strong use of quantitative methods based on data science, integrated modeling and experimental and behavioral economics.


  • Evaluate the low carbon transformation of the energy, land and climate sectors;
  • Evaluate behavioural and traditional policy interventions for promoting pro-environmental behavior;
  • Assess green innovation and its determinants;
  • Study the interplay between various sustainable development goals;
  • Identify robust policy strategies to climate risks and uncertainties;
  • Identify technological and societal transition pathways;
  • Study climate induced migration.

SEME Projects

  • INHALE - Impact on humaN Health of Agriculture and Livestock Emissions

    Air pollution remains Europe’s top environmental threat to health, as recently reminded…

  • SEME Publications

    Internalizing air pollution health-economic impacts into climate policy – a global modelling study

    Aleluia Da Silva Reis L., Drouet L., Tavoni M.
    2022, The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, Issue 1, E40-E48, DOI: 10.1016/S2542-5196(21)00259-X, web page

    Advances and challenges of life cycle assessment (LCA) of greenhouse gas removal technologies to fight climate changes

    Goglio P., Williams A.G., Balta-Ozkan N., Harris N.R.P., Williamson P., Huisingh D., Zhang Z., Tavoni M.
    2021, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 244, 20 January 2020, 118896, DOI: DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118896, web page

    Adaptive mitigation strategies hedge against extreme climate futures

    Marangoni G., Lamontagne J.R., Quinn J.D., Reed P.M., Keller K.
    2021, Climatic Change, 166, Article number: 37 (2021), DOI: DOI: 10.1007/s10584-021-03132-x, web page

    SEME Models

  • FASST(R) - FAst Scenario Screening Tool

    FASST(R) is a source receptor model, an R version of the reduced-form…

    Cities & Coasts, Future Earth.

  • WITCH - World Induced Technical Change Hybrid model

    WITCH (World Induced Technical Change Hybrid) is an integrated assessment model designed…

    Energy, Future Earth, Global Policy, Migrations & Inequalities.

  • Division Director

    Massimo Tavoni

    Division Manager


    Via Bergognone, 34 – 20144 Milano (MI)

    [email protected]

    Research Units

    We examine pathways of transition of the economic, environmental and technological systems. We develop and use complex models that integrate sectors and systems and delineate the key strategies compatible with climate stabilization. We carry out empirical work on the efficacy of climate policies around the world.

    Leaders: Laurent Drouet and Johannes Emmerling

    We assess the behavioural elements that affect individuals, corporations and institutions in the realm of environmental choices. We evaluate energy efficiency and low carbon programmes of industries and governments, both in developed and developing countries, through randomized controlled trials.

    Leader: Giovanna d’Adda

    We study the links between climate change and migration and estimate to what extent climate change and other environmental risks influence patterns of human migration.

    Leader: Cristina Cattaneo

    We identify innovation and technological pathways, strategies and policies for the low-carbon transition; we analyse the mechanisms and the role of specific policies and technological disruptions in fostering or hindering the transition toward low carbon development.

    Leader: Elena Verdolini

    RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment leverages two leading international centers for economic and environmental research: Resources for the Future – RFF, Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change – CMCC.

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