Sustainable Earth Modelling Economics

The SEME Division analyses the transition to sustainability, helping identify and evaluate low carbon, sustainable strategies. The approach used is multidisciplinary, with strong use of quantitative methods based on data science, integrated modeling and experimental and behavioral economics.


  • Evaluate the low carbon transformation of the energy, land and climate sectors;
  • Evaluate behavioural and traditional policy interventions for promoting pro-environmental behavior;
  • Assess green innovation and its determinants;
  • Study the interplay between various sustainable development goals;
  • Identify robust policy strategies to climate risks and uncertainties;
  • Identify technological and societal transition pathways;
  • Study climate induced migration.

SEME Projects

  • ECO-DEKS - External knowledge sourcing strategies for environmental innovation in the industrial sector of Nigeria

    Globally, the industrial sector substantially contributes to the high level of the…

  • NAVIGATE - Next generation of AdVanced InteGrated Assessment modelling to support climaTE policy making

    NAVIGATE is a project funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 programme…

  • ENGAGE - Exploring National and Global Actions to reduce Greenhouse gas Emissions

    ENGAGE is a project funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 programme…

  • SEME Publications

    Reply to: Why fossil fuel producer subsidies matter

    Emmerling J., Tavoni M., Jewell, J., Vinichenko, V., Bertram C., Berger L., Daly H. E., Keppo I., Krey V., Gernaat D. E. H. J., Fragkiadakis K., McCollum D., Paroussas L., Riahi K., van Vuuren D.
    2020, Nature, Volume 578, pages E5–E7(2020), DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1921-9, web page

    Climate impacts on nutrition and labor supply disentangled – an analysis for rural areas of Uganda

    Dasgupta  S., Emmerling J., Shayegh S., Antonelli, C., Coromaldi M.
    2020, Environment and Development Economics, 1-26, DOI: 10.1017/S1355770X20000017, web page

    Contribution of the land sector to a 1.5°C World

    Drouet L., Roe S., Streck C., Obersteiner M., Frank S., Griscom B., Fricko O., Gusti M., Harris N., Hasegawa T., Hausfather Z., Havlík P., House J., Nabuurs G-J., Popp A., Sánchez M.J.S., Sanderman J., Smith P., Stehfest E., Lawrence D.
    2019, DOI: 10.1038/s41558-019-0591-9, web page

    SEME Models

  • FASST(R) - FAst Scenario Screening Tool

    FASST(R) is a source receptor model, an R version of the reduced-form…

    Cities & Coasts, Future Earth.

  • WITCH - World Induced Technical Change Hybrid model

    WITCH (World Induced Technical Change Hybrid) is an integrated assessment model designed…

    Energy, Future Earth, Global Policy, Inequalities.

  • Division Director

    Massimo Tavoni

    Division Manager


    Via Bergognone, 34 – 20144 Milano (MI)

    Research Units

    Research unit leader:
    Giovanna D’Adda

    – Behavioural change
    – Nudging
    – Impact evaluation
    – Behavioural policies

    Research unit leader:
    Cristina Cattaneo

    – Climate induced migration
    – Conflict
    – Skills

    Research unit leader:
    Elena Verdolini

    – Green patenting
    – Low carbon R&D
    – Learning curves
    – Energy system modelling
    – Induced technical change

    Research unit leaders:
    Johannes Emmerling and Laurent Drouet

    – IAM scenarios
    – International mitigation policies
    – Modelling of impacts and adaptation
    – Energy system modelling
    – Inequality

    RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment leverages two leading international centers for economic and environmental research: Resources for the Future – RFF, Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change – CMCC.

    Latest News

    Uganda: 20% decline in economic output without climate action

    Less nutrition, less productivity, less development: the changing climate hinders poor rural areas of developing countries. A new study with…

    High-level Expert Workshop on Climate Adaptation Modelling

    60 outstanding experts from research and policy. An opportunity to exchange knowledge and good practices on adaptation modelling, strengthen professional…

    Migrant networks and climate change adaptation

    Migration is an important means to cope with the impacts of climate-related shocks. Several factors, among which the presence of…

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