Sustainable Earth Modelling Economics

The SEME Division analyses the transition to sustainability, helping identify and evaluate low carbon, sustainable strategies. The approach used is multidisciplinary, with strong use of quantitative methods based on data science, integrated modeling and experimental and behavioral economics.


  • Evaluate the low carbon transformation of the energy, land and climate sectors;
  • Evaluate behavioural and traditional policy interventions for promoting pro-environmental behavior;
  • Assess green innovation and its determinants;
  • Study the interplay between various sustainable development goals;
  • Identify robust policy strategies to climate risks and uncertainties;
  • Identify technological and societal transition pathways;
  • Study climate induced migration.

SEME Projects

  • 2D4D - Disruptive Digitalization for Decarbonization

    Digitalization will fundamentally change all sectors of the European economy in the…

  • SMOOTH - Sustainable Finance for a Smooth Low-Carbon Transition

    The threat of climate change calls for a rapid transition to a…

  • ECO-DEKS - External knowledge sourcing strategies for environmental innovation in the industrial sector of Nigeria

    Globally, the industrial sector substantially contributes to the high level of the…

  • SEME Publications

    COVID-19 lockdown only partially alleviates health impacts of air pollution in Northern Italy

    Granella F., Aleluia Da Silva Reis L., Bosetti V., Tavoni M.
    2020, Environmental Research Letters, DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/abd3d2, web page

    Climate change and development in South Africa: the impact of rising temperatures on economic productivity and labour availability

    Shayegh S., Manoussi V., Dasgupta  S.
    2020, Climate and Development, DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2020.1857675, web page

    Planning universal accessibility to public health care in sub-Saharan Africa

    Falchetta G., Hammad A. T., Shayegh S.
    2020, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 30 Nov 2020, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2009172117, web page

    SEME Models

  • FASST(R) - FAst Scenario Screening Tool

    FASST(R) is a source receptor model, an R version of the reduced-form…

    Cities & Coasts, Future Earth.

  • WITCH - World Induced Technical Change Hybrid model

    WITCH (World Induced Technical Change Hybrid) is an integrated assessment model designed…

    Energy, Future Earth, Global Policy, Inequalities.

  • Division Director

    Massimo Tavoni

    Division Manager


    Via Bergognone, 34 – 20144 Milano (MI)

    Research Units

    Research unit leader:
    Giovanna D’Adda

    – Behavioural change
    – Nudging
    – Impact evaluation
    – Behavioural policies

    Research unit leader:
    Cristina Cattaneo

    – Climate induced migration
    – Conflict
    – Skills

    Research unit leader:
    Elena Verdolini

    – Green patenting
    – Low carbon R&D
    – Learning curves
    – Energy system modelling
    – Induced technical change

    Research unit leaders:
    Johannes Emmerling and Laurent Drouet

    – IAM scenarios
    – International mitigation policies
    – Modelling of impacts and adaptation
    – Energy system modelling
    – Inequality

    RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment leverages two leading international centers for economic and environmental research: Resources for the Future – RFF, Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change – CMCC.

    Latest News

    Brazil: air conditioning equipment days of use will double without climate action

    Increasing demand for space cooling in Brazil will increase greenhouse gas emissions by 70-190% due to air conditioners, depending on…

    Climate impacts on health and urban areas: heatwaves and death rate

    Heat does not kill in the same way everywhere. Urban planning, social cohesion, traffic, crime: the urban and social context…

    New start for the Research Network on Energy Workforce Transitions

    ReNEWT, the international consortium aimed at evaluating and designing solutions to ensure a just and equitable transition to carbon neutrality…

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