Sustainable Earth Modelling Economics

The SEME Division analyses the transition to sustainability, helping identify and evaluate low carbon, sustainable strategies. The approach used is multidisciplinary, with strong use of quantitative methods based on data science, integrated modeling and experimental and behavioral economics.


  • Evaluate the low carbon transformation of the energy, land and climate sectors;
  • Evaluate behavioural and traditional policy interventions for promoting pro-environmental behavior;
  • Assess green innovation and its determinants;
  • Study the interplay between various sustainable development goals;
  • Identify robust policy strategies to climate risks and uncertainties;
  • Identify technological and societal transition pathways;
  • Study climate induced migration.

SEME Projects

  • ELEVATE - Enabling and Leveraging Climate Action Towards Netzero Emissions

    ELEVATE is a project funded by the European Union’s Horizon Europe programme…

  • CircoMod: Circular Economy Modelling for Climate Change Mitigation

    CircoMod is a project funded by the European Union’s Horizon Europe Framework…

  • CircEUlar - Developing circular pathways for a EU low-carbon transition

    CircEUlar is a project funded by the European Union’s Horizon Europe programme…

  • SEME Publications

    Macrofinancial Risks of the Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy

    Campiglio E., Van der Ploeg, F.
    2022, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 16 (2), DOI:, web page

    Climate-related risks in financial assets

    Campiglio E., Daumas L., Monnin P., von Jagow A.
    2022, Journal of Economic Surveys, 1–43, DOI:, web page

    Increased energy use for adaptation significantly impacts mitigation pathways

    Colelli F., De Cian E., Emmerling J., Marangoni G., Mistry M.
    2022, Nature Communications, DOI:, web page

    SEME Models

  • FASST(R) - FAst Scenario Screening Tool

    FASST(R) is a source receptor model, an R version of the reduced-form…

    Cities & Coasts, Future Earth.

  • WITCH - World Induced Technical Change Hybrid model

    WITCH (World Induced Technical Change Hybrid) is an integrated assessment model designed…

    Energy, Future Earth, Global Policy, Migrations & Inequalities.

  • Division Director

    Massimo Tavoni

    Division Manager


    Via Bergognone, 34 – 20144 Milano (MI)

    [email protected]

    Research Units

    We examine pathways of transition of the economic, environmental and technological systems. We develop and use complex models that integrate sectors and systems and delineate the key strategies compatible with climate stabilization. We carry out empirical work on the efficacy of climate policies around the world.

    Leaders: Laurent Drouet and Johannes Emmerling

    We assess the behavioural elements that affect individuals, corporations and institutions in the realm of environmental choices. We evaluate energy efficiency and low carbon programmes of industries and governments, both in developed and developing countries, through randomized controlled trials.

    Leader: Giovanna d’Adda

    We study the links between climate change and migration and estimate to what extent climate change and other environmental risks influence patterns of human migration.

    Leader: Cristina Cattaneo

    We identify innovation and technological pathways, strategies and policies for the low-carbon transition; we analyse the mechanisms and the role of specific policies and technological disruptions in fostering or hindering the transition toward low carbon development.

    Leader: Elena Verdolini

    RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment leverages two leading international centers for economic and environmental research: Resources for the Future – RFF, Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change – CMCC.

    Latest News

    Palm oil’s implications on the Sustainable Development Goals

    The production of the most widely used and most criticised vegetable oil for its environmental impacts analysed in a study

    Climate change, labour market and the future of gender inequality: the case of South Africa

    In terms of reductions in labour availability and sectoral productivity, climate change could cost South Africa up to 11% of

    Drought: clear impacts on global agricultural production

    The effects of drought on major crops that are crucial to achieve both food and energy security, at the center

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