Sustainable Earth Modelling Economics

The SEME Division analyses the transition to sustainability, helping identify and evaluate low carbon, sustainable strategies. The approach used is multidisciplinary, with strong use of quantitative methods based on data science, integrated modeling and experimental and behavioral economics.


  • Evaluate the low carbon transformation of the energy, land and climate sectors;
  • Evaluate behavioural and traditional policy interventions for promoting pro-environmental behavior;
  • Assess green innovation and its determinants;
  • Study the interplay between various sustainable development goals;
  • Identify robust policy strategies to climate risks and uncertainties;
  • Identify technological and societal transition pathways;
  • Study climate induced migration.

SEME Projects

  • CASCADES - CAScading Climate risks: towards ADaptive and resilient European Societies

    CASCADES project strives to understand the conditions under which climate risks propagate…

  • SICAB - Sino Italian capacity building for environmental protection

    The project is dedicated to high-level training services in the fields of…

  • COACCH - CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs

    COACCH (CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs) is a project funded…

  • SEME Publications

    An inter-model assessment of the role of direct air capture in deep mitigation pathways

    Realmonte G., Drouet L., Gambhir A., Glynn J., Hawkes A., Köberle A.C., Tavoni M.
    2019, Nature Communications, Vol. 10, Article number: 3277 (2019), DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-10842-5, web page

    Taking some heat off the NDCs? The limited potential of additional short-lived climate forcers’ mitigation

    Harmsen M., Fricko O., Hilaire J., Van Vuuren D. P., Drouet L., Durand-Lasserve O., Fujimori S., Keramidas K., Klimont Z., Luderer, G., Aleluia Da Silva Reis L., Riahi K., Sano F., Smith S. J.
    2019, Climatic Change, pp 1–19, DOI:, web page

    The role of methane in future climate strategies: Mitigation potentials and climate impacts

    Harmsen M., Van Vuuren D. P., Bodirsky B.L., Chateau J., Durand-Lasserve O., Drouet L., Fricko O., Fujimori S., Gernaat D. E.H.J., Hanaoka T., Hilaire J., Keramidas K., Luderer G., Moura M. C. P., Sano F., Smith S. J., Wada K.
    2019, Climatic Change, Special Issue, pp 1–17, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-019-02437-2, web page

    SEME Models

  • FASST(R) - FAst Scenario Screening Tool

    FASST(R) is a source receptor model, an R version of the reduced-form…

    Cities & Coasts, Future Earth.

  • WITCH - World Induced Technical Change Hybrid model

    WITCH (World Induced Technical Change Hybrid) is an integrated assessment model designed…

    Energy, Future Earth, Global Policy, Inequalities.

  • Division Director

    Massimo Tavoni

    Division Manager


    Via Bergognone, 34 – 20144 Milano (MI)

    Research Units

    Research unit leader:
    Giovanna D’Adda

    – Behavioural change
    – Nudging
    – Impact evaluation
    – Behavioural policies

    Research unit leader:
    Cristina Cattaneo

    – Climate induced migration
    – Conflict
    – Skills

    Research unit leader:
    Elena Verdolini

    – Green patenting
    – Low carbon R&D
    – Learning curves
    – Energy system modelling
    – Induced technical change

    Research unit leaders:
    Johannes Emmerling and Laurent Drouet

    – IAM scenarios
    – International mitigation policies
    – Modelling of impacts and adaptation
    – Energy system modelling
    – Inequality

    RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment leverages two leading international centers for economic and environmental research: Resources for the Future – RFF, Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change – CMCC.

    Latest News

    Assessing and Managing Climate Change Risk: Opportunities for Financial Institutions

    An occasion for discussing both the causes and implications of recent financial and atmospheric events and other related issues at…

    IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land just released

    Land is a Critical Resource, IPCC report says. It is under pressure from humans and climate change, but it is…

    Economics, Game Theory and International Environmental Agreements

    Explore the Venice lectures held by Henry Tulkens to the students of the PhD Program in Science and Management of…

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