Sustainable Earth Modelling Economics

The SEME Division analyses the transition to sustainability, helping identify and evaluate low carbon, sustainable strategies. The approach used is multidisciplinary, with strong use of quantitative methods based on data science, integrated modeling and experimental and behavioral economics.


  • Evaluate the low carbon transformation of the energy, land and climate sectors;
  • Evaluate behavioural and traditional policy interventions for promoting pro-environmental behavior;
  • Assess green innovation and its determinants;
  • Study the interplay between various sustainable development goals;
  • Identify robust policy strategies to climate risks and uncertainties;
  • Identify technological and societal transition pathways;
  • Study climate induced migration.

SEME Projects

  • PRISMA - Net zero Pathway Research through Integrated Assessment Model Advancements

    Introduction The ambition to achieve the Paris Agreement goals has led to…

  • REPAIR - Removing non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions to support ambitious climate transitions

    REPAIR will develop first-of-its kind technological proof of concept to remove non-CO2…

  • EUNICE - Debiasing the uncertainties of climate stabilization ensembles

    Mathematical models have become central tools in global environmental assessments. To serve…

  • SEME Publications

    From optimal to robust climate strategies: expanding integrated assessment model ensembles to manage economic, social, and environmental objectives

    Ferrari L., Carlino A.,  ., Tavoni M., Castelletti A.
    2022, Environmental Research Letters, Volume 17, Number 8, DOI:, web page

    Macrofinancial Risks of the Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy

    Campiglio E., Van der Ploeg, F.
    2022, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 16 (2), DOI:, web page

    Climate-related risks in financial assets

    Campiglio E., Daumas L., Monnin P., von Jagow A.
    2022, Journal of Economic Surveys, 1–43, DOI:, web page

    SEME Models

  • FASST(R) - FAst Scenario Screening Tool

    FASST(R) is a source receptor model, an R version of the reduced-form…

    Cities & Coasts, Future Earth.

  • WITCH - World Induced Technical Change Hybrid model

    WITCH (World Induced Technical Change Hybrid) is an integrated assessment model designed…

    Energy, Future Earth, Global Policy, Migrations & Inequalities.

  • Division Director

    Massimo Tavoni

    Division Manager


    Via Bergognone, 34 – 20144 Milano (MI)

    [email protected]

    Research Units

    We examine pathways of transition of the economic, environmental and technological systems. We develop and use complex models that integrate sectors and systems and delineate the key strategies compatible with climate stabilization. We carry out empirical work on the efficacy of climate policies around the world.

    Leaders: Laurent Drouet and Johannes Emmerling

    We assess the behavioural elements that affect individuals, corporations and institutions in the realm of environmental choices. We evaluate energy efficiency and low carbon programmes of industries and governments, both in developed and developing countries, through randomized controlled trials.

    Leader: Giovanna d’Adda

    We study the links between climate change and migration and estimate to what extent climate change and other environmental risks influence patterns of human migration.

    Leader: Cristina Cattaneo

    We identify innovation and technological pathways, strategies and policies for the low-carbon transition; we analyse the mechanisms and the role of specific policies and technological disruptions in fostering or hindering the transition toward low carbon development.

    Leader: Elena Verdolini

    RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment leverages two leading international centers for economic and environmental research: Resources for the Future – RFF, Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change – CMCC.

    Latest News

    Heat and infectious diseases: climate change is a threat to health and well-being in Europe

    Heatwaves on the rise and the spread of dengue, malaria, West Nile and Vibrio in Europe. In the new report

    Precipitation anomalies widen inequality by harming the poorest

    Poverty and income inequalities have already increased over the past 40 years because of precipitation anomalies due to climate change,

    Questioning the myth of endless adaptation

    The potential to adapt to climate change is not limitless, and adaptation cannot substitute for ambitious mitigation efforts. The contribution

    Start typing and press Enter to search

    Shopping Cart