Research projects

ACQUAOUNT – Adapting to Climate change by QUantifying optimal Allocation of water resOUrces and socio-ecoNomic inTerlinkages

Agriculture is by far the most water demanding sector in the Mediterranean and a sustainable use of water, combined with economic growth, cannot be achieved without improving irrigation efficiency and water productivity. The current heavy depletion of water sources is leading to water scarcity and degradation, deterioration of ecosystem services, conflicts with domestic and industrial uses and, in general, it poses limitations to economic growth. These trends will be exacerbated by CC. The ACQUAOUNT project aims to improve IWRM and sustainable irrigation through the deployment of innovative tools, smart water services and solutions, for public and private use, while contributing to climate resilience.

Future Earth, Global Policy, Jobs & Growth, Water, Food and Land Use.

AdriaClim – Climate change information, monitoring and management tools for adaptation strategies in Adriatic coastal areas

The main objective of AdriaClim is to improve climate resilience in the cooperation area, by increasing the capacity to develop new climate adaptation plans and update existing ones and develop mitigation strategies based on high resolution, more accurate and reliable climate information (observations and integrated modeling) focussed on the coastal and marine areas (threatened by risks such as sea level rise, sea temperature and salinity anomalies, coastal erosion and salinization of freshwater) and related economic sectors and ecosystem services. AdriaClim aims at developing an Adriatic scale regional plus local scale for each Pilot integrated information systems composed by hydro-meteo-marine climatological databases (model scenarios and observation) and knowledge-based tools (e.g indicators) for advanced dynamical implementation of regional climate adaptation plans relevant and accessible for entire the Programme area and Countries.

Cities & Coasts, Future Earth, Jobs & Growth, Ocean.

FRAMESPORT – Framework initiative fostering the sustainable development of Adriatic small ports

FRAMESPORT project will perform a coordinated initiative supporting an integrated and sustainable development of small ports in a strategic perspective, thus allowing them to be pro-active socio-economic drivers of the development in the Adriatic coasts. Such a strategic objective calls for a multifaceted approach, including both the adoption of concrete pilot actions as well as identification of priority themes to be promoted within the overall strategy. Priorities will be individuated by means of a bottom-up approach, involving local and national stakeholders since the project inception phase. Partners, which has been chosen in order to guarantee a wide territorial approach, will address planning and management topics, business models implementation, enhancement of training and competence, as well as develop ICT tools and services, thus supporting an effective development of small ports in the whole ITHR area. Furthermore, a tailor-made ICT platform will collect and systematize relevant key data on small ports to be shared as starting point of any further development. FRAMESPORT will build on existing knowledge and capitalize results of pilot initiatives by integrating them in a new strategic framework boosting small-scale maritime nodes performances along the Adriatic coasts.

Cities & Coasts, Jobs & Growth, Ocean.

MITIGO – Mitigation of natural risks to ensure safety and mobility in mountain areas of Southern Italy

The project intends identifying solutions for the mitigation of geo-hydrological and seismic risks preventing damages for road and facilities in mountain areas affected by landslides and earthquakes, lack of services, limited transports and depopulation. By exploiting an interdisciplinary approach and through a well-balanced partnership including research institutions, companies and public administrations, risk assessment will be extensively carried out and mitigation measures will be designed and implemented. The case study is represented by an inland area in Basilicata Region, between the cities of Potenza and Matera and between the valleys of Basento and Bradano. By investigating such “natural laboratory”, frameworks for risk assessment, management and prevention will be defined while the developed artifacts (monitoring systems, stabilization, data processing, computer platforms) will be realized increasing the competitiveness of the companies connected to the project. In particular, they could capitalize the expertise gained to develop innovative products and services in other territorial contexts, with benefits also on employment.

Future Earth, Water, Food and Land Use.

Piano Operativo di Dettaglio per l’Attuazione e Revisione della Strategia Regionale di Adattamento ai Cambiamenti Climatici (SRACC)

Adaptation is a local need in response to phenomena generated on a global scale, with very different effects and manifestations in different geographical areas and especially for Sardinia. The need to propose a clear strategy for adapting to climate change also for Sardinia has certainly matured since the scientific evidence of the phenomena taking place at a global level has highlighted the critical issues that the peculiarities of the territory can generate. RAS requested a revision of the SRACC developed in 2019 on strategic issues such as impacts on health in the urban environment, Infrastructure and strategic activities, Coasts and transition environments (with reference also to biodiversity, ecosystem services and coastal protection). 

Global Policy.

RethinkAction – CRoss-sEcToral planning enHanced by a decisIoN-maKing platform to foster climate Action

RethinkAction focuses on supporting the objectives of the EU Green Deal translating its action plan in relevant and practical actions and solutions related to land use, as opportunities able not only to support climate neutrality and adaptation, sustainable use of the land resources, and biodiversity restoration, but also actions for social improvement, fostering equality and just transition for all designing the road map to green recovery after COVID.

Future Earth, Global Policy, Water, Food and Land Use.

SEBASTIEN – Smarter livEstock Breeding through Advanced Services Tailoring Innovative and multi-sourcE data to users’ Needs

Livestock production in the European Union (EU) is a large economic sector and products of animal origin make up 45% (168 billion euro annually) of the EU agricultural production value, generating jobs for almost 30 million people. Due to the high impact of the livestock sector on GHG emissions, while also suffering from accelerating changes in climate trends, variability and extreme events’ occurrence, there is an increasing need to formulate management options meeting the challenges of both climate mitigation and adaptation, e.g., by adopting and/or scheduling farming practices that can be successful under the most likely climate scenarios for the future, or under as many scenarios as possible. SEBASTIEN (Smarter livEstock Breeding through Advanced Services Tailoring Innovative and multi-sourcE data to users’ Needs) wishes to implement large-scale ICT-based (mainly Cloud but also HPC) services to support smart livestock farming and management (i.e., both environmentally and socio- economically sustainable), while reducing risks and taking opportunities posed by climate change and its variability, as well as by other concurrent environmental stressors and anthropogenic pressures.

Jobs & Growth, Water, Food and Land Use.

SILVANUS – Integrated Technological and Information Platform for wildfire Management

SILVANUS envisages to deliver an environmentally sustainable and climate resilient forest management platform through innovative capabilities to prevent and combat against the ignition and spread of forest fires. The platform will cater to the demands of efficient resource utilisation and provide protection against threats of wildfires encountered globally. The project will establish synergies between (i) environmental; (ii) technology and (iii) social science experts for enhancing the ability of regional and national authorities to monitor forest resources, evaluate biodiversity, generate more accurate fire risk indicators and promote safety regulations among citizens through awareness campaigns. The novelty of SILVANUS lies in the development and integration of advanced semantic technologies to systematically formalise the knowledge of forest administration and resource utilisation. Additionally, the platform will integrate a big-data processing framework capable of analysing heterogeneous data sources including earth observation resources, climate models and weather data, continuous on-board computation of multi-spectral video streams. Also, the project integrates a series of sensor and actuator technologies using innovative wireless communication infrastructure through the coordination of aerial vehicles and ground robots. The technological platform will be complemented with the integration of resilience models, and the results of environmental and ecological studies carried out for the assessment of fire risk indicators based on continuous surveys of forest regions. The surveys are designed to take into consideration the expertise and experience of frontline fire fighter organisations who collectively provide support for 47,504×104 sq. meters of forest area within Europe and across international communities. The project innovation will be validated

Future Earth, Water, Food and Land Use.

STREAM – Strategic development of flood management

STREAM consortium will create or update flood cadastre for fluvial, urban and coastal flooding in the program area. Moreover, it will develop flood risk maps on the basis on flood cadastre data and collect available official data and layers already realized at national and regional level, supporting to the definition of flood risk plans. Through the International Flood platform, the STREAM project will enhance data sharing and access to advanced functionalities, allowing at the same time the current existing systems to stay in place without changing their operational workflows and also fostering the partners’ capacities to deal with required data standards at EU level and beyond. The STREAM project will develop an integrated probabilistic ensemble forecasting system for the coastal and inland areas. A multi-model system will provide sea conditions, including storm surge and waves contributions and total sea level forecast over the whole Adriatic and Ionian seas, allowing also the integration of the sea forecasts into site specific newly developed and existing coastal forecasting systems.

Cities & Coasts, Future Earth, Global Policy, Ocean.

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